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Top Ten Leading Causes of Death: Disease, Symptoms and their Prevention

causes of death

1. Heart Disease

It is one of the leading causes of death for both men and women all over the world. This term is used to describe conditions in which there’s a blockage in the walls of arteries. As this plaque increases the arteries get narrow which makes blood transportation difficult and create risk for heart attack. Other types of heart problems include arrhythmias and angina.

Signs & Symptoms: The following are the symptoms before a heart attack which includes nausea, chest pain, cold sweats, pain in upper body parts such as arms and neck.

Protect the heart: You can lower the risk of this heart disease by lowering blood pressure and cholesterol level. You should have a diet which is low in fat and high in fruits and vegetables. You should exercise daily for at least 150 minutes a week and avoid intake of alcohol and quit smoking.

2. Cancer (Malignant Neoplasms)

Cancer is a group of diseases and its spread of uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. If this spread is not controlled, then it results in death. Anyone can get cancer, but the risk of most types of cancer increases with the passage of time as he gets old. Lung cancer is most dangerous among trachea, bronchus cancer.

Is cancer curable: All types of cancer caused by smoking cigarettes and in taking alcohol could be prevented, but smoking contributes to 80 percent and 90 percent of deaths in men and women.

In a research, it has been discovered that most deaths in cancer cases are due to overweight or having a poor diet.

3. Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease 

It is a collection of lung diseases that causes blockage of airflow and breathing issues, it also includes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma and bronchitis.

Signs & Symptoms: The majorsymptoms include difficulty while breathing, especially when active and chest infections.

How to prevent: The main reason behind the development and progression of COPD is tobacco smoke and 80 percent death take place in this attribute. To prevent this disease, you need to avoid air pollution, avoid dust, quit smoking and avoid second hand smoke.

4. Stroke (Cerebrovascular Disease)

It is a condition that develops when there’s a problem with blood vessels that supply the brain. Some common types are vascular dementia and subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Signs & Symptoms: When you are suffering from stroke each and every second counts. The symptoms of stroke include confusion, trouble while speaking, trouble while seeing, severe headaches and loss of balance.

Stroke prevention: The main reason for stroke is high blood pressure and smoking. It cannot be controlled, but steps can be taken to prevent it. The measures include eating a healthy diet, managing cholesterol level, controlling blood pressure, taking correct medicine and staying hydrated.

5. Alzheimer’s Disease

It is a type of dementia, which is a decline in memory or other abilities of a person and it causes damage to nerve cells in the brain which are called neurons. As a result, these nerve cells are not able to function properly and it leads to death of a person. The people suffering from this disease are bed bound and require care every time.

Signs & Symptoms: The common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are memory loss that affects daily life, challenges while solving a problem, change in mood and personality, problem while speaking or writing and poor judgment.

How to prevent Alzheimer: There is no exact way to prevent the disease, but steps can be taken to help delay the onset of dementia. The causes of this disease are still unknown and its thought to be developed due to environment, lifestyle and genetics.

Reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease: Many factors which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease are linked to risk of Alzheimer’s disease. It can be reduced by applying these steps such as stop smoking and avoid excessive alcohol intake.

Stay mentally alert: According to some studies, the dementia rate is lower in mentally, socially and physically active person. You can reduce the risk of this disease by following things such as reading, learning other languages, playing musical instrument, writing for pleasure and playing tennis.

6. Diabetes

It is a disease in which the body cannot control blood glucose level and it leads to abnormal high levels. As, this high rise can cause damage to the body’s tissue which includes nerves, tissues in the eyes and blood vessels.

As most food we eat turns into glucose, a simpler sugar form which is used for energy in our body. The pancreas makes a hormone known as insulin that helps glucose get into the cells of the body and the person who is suffering from diabetes, his body cannot make enough insulin and cannot use insulin as it causes sugar to build up in the blood.

Signs & Symptoms: The warning signs & symptoms of this disease are frequent urination, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes, excessive thirst and dry skin.

Can Diabetes be prevented: The risk of this disease can be reduced by regular physical activity, maintaining healthy body weight and as being obese increase risk of type 2 diabetes.

7. Influenza

It is a highly contagious viral infection that is one of the most severe flu in the season of winter. The reason of influenza in the winter is unknown, according to some researches the virus survives and transmits in winter and it’s easily transmitted to another person when an infected person sneezes or coughs.

Signs & Symptoms: The symptoms include muscle aches, chills, cough, malaise and fever.

How to Prevent: You should take vaccination against influenza flu every year to prevent it from coming again. You should have a good healthy diet and regular exercise to help prevent virus illness. You should wash your hands frequently, especially after blowing nose, going to the bathroom and before preparing or eating food.

8. Pneumonia

It is a serious condition that causes inflammation in the lungs. As the air sacs in the lungs fill with other liquids and pus which does not allow oxygen to reach the blood stream. And definitely, if there’s less oxygen then body cells don’t work properly. It has many different causes which include bacteria, viruses and other infectious agents.

Signs & Symptoms: The symptoms include wheezing, fever, chills, rapid breathing, chest pains and feeling of weakness.

Prevention of Pneumonia: The pneumonia can be prevented by getting a vaccination against this disease if you are having high risk. You should stop smoking as tobacco damages the lungs and reduces the ability to fight.

9. Kidney Disease

It is a condition in which kidneys get damaged and cannot filter the blood properly and the waste of blood remains in the body and causes other health problems.

Symptoms:  The initial symptoms are headaches, itching, nausea and weight loss without trying to lose weight.

The symptoms that occur when kidney function become severe include bone pain, sleep problems, breath odor, swellings in hand and feet and often vomiting in the morning.

How to prevent Kidney disease: To reduce the risk of kidney disease you should avoid excessive intake of alcohol, maintain a healthy weight and quit smoking.

10. Stomach Cancer

This disease is also known as gastric cancer, which makes the stomach cells cancerous forming a tumor. All these cells are formed in glandular tissue and this tumor spread along the stomach wall. Once it’s beyond stomach, it spreads to other organs of the body.

Signs & Symptoms: The symptoms of stomach cancer include fatigue, stomach pain, feeling full after eating food in small amounts and nausea that is persistent and unexplained.

Prevention of Stomach cancer: You can lower the risk of stomach cancer by having a diet which is high in fresh fruits and vegetables. Avoid diet that is highly smoked and pickled food. Don’t use preserved food which is salted rather use refrigerated food.

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