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HIV/AIDS: Symptoms, Precautions, Treatment


AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus known as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness changes the immune system, making the diseases and infections more unsafe. It weakens the immune system and it develops when HIV infections gets advanced.

HIV in an infected person is found in its body fluids. The virus is transmitted from one person to another person through sexual contact. This virus can be infected to babies when an infected woman is pregnant. It can be transmitted in many ways, such as blood transfusion, oral sex and many other ways. It is not transmitted through sweat, saliva or urine. The virus destroys white cells and makes copies of itself.

Both the virus and the syndrome are often referred together as HIV/AIDS. People suffering from HIV have its infection later on; some will get AIDS when it develops. When a lot of infections develop, then he is dead.

Symptoms of HIV/AIDS

HIV: The people experience an illness like flu for 2-4 weeks after HIV infection. But some people do not get sick. The symptoms include fever, rash, night sweats, fatigue, mouth ulcers, chills, muscle aches and sore throat.

These symptoms can end anytime, maybe after a few days or several weeks. At this stage, even HIV test would not show up for HIV infection but it can spread infection to others.

AIDS: If you have HIV, so the virus will affect your body and weaken your immune system and it will progress to AIDS. The symptoms are memory loss, depression, sores in the mouth and anus, rapid weight loss, diarrhea and extreme tiredness.

Safety Precautions

  1. Use a latex condemn when you have any kind of sex (vaginal, anal, oral)
  2. Don’t use condemns, which are made from animal products
  3. Never use oil based lubricants it can weaken condemn, use water lubricated
  4. Never use other needles to take drugs
  5. Avoid getting high or drunk because people getting high and drunk are less likely to save themselves

Who Should be tested for HIV

All adults should be tested at least once. People who have multiple sex partners should be tested more often. All pregnant women should be tested. Anyone who has sustained a needle stick from another person is known to have HIV and he should also be tested.

Treatment of HIV/AIDS

HIV is also treated using a combination of medicines which is called antiretroviral therapy, but it’s not a cure. It controls the virus so you can live longer and healthier life and reduces risk of transmitting the HIV virus to others. After medication, it is still present in the body if you even feel fine.

This medicine reduces HIV to multiply and spread into the body, having fewer viruses in body help immune system to recover and fight off infections. ART is recommended for all people suffering from HIV, so they live a healthy life. If it is left untreated then it will progress to AIDS.

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