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Malaria: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Overview of the Malaria

Malaria is one of the most dangerous diseases caused by the mosquitoes and is life taking in this regard. It is caused by a Parasite which is found in the Anopheles Mosquito, which, when bit a normal person transmits the parasite into the body. These parasites when transferred to the liver, multiply themselves into many more and then results in destroying and infection of the red blood cell.

This deadly disease can be controlled in its initial stages through proper care and diagnosing but unfortunately, in some parts of the world where medical facilities are lacking, this infection is almost impossible to control when Malaria outbreak occurs.

Some Facts about the Malaria

  • The first case of the disease was found in 1938 as a result of the parasite infection.
  • Malaria is a word for the Italian language term “Mal’aria” which means “Bad Air”.
  • The cases of this disease in U.S reached as high as 1,925 in the year 2011 breaking previous 40 year record.
  • WHO has ensured that the disease cases will be reduced to 90% by the year 2030 and as a result many lives could be possible to save.

Causes of the Malaria

The Female Anopheles Mosquito is the only mosquito that can cause this disease. It carries the parasite known as the Plasmodium, which is injected to the host’s body and infects his liver afterwards. There are some important factors on which the development of the parasite in the mosquito depends on, and the most common of them are the ambient temperatures and the Humidity factors.

When the parasite is injected into the body, it does not show any affect for the first 5-16 days. After that, it gradually multiplies into many other parasites and start getting fatal for the liver.

Symptoms of the Malaria

According to the CDC, the symptoms of the Malaria are divided into two categories, unaffected and the severe Malaria.

  • Symptoms of the unaffected malaria generally end after 6-10 hours, but they keep coming and going after every second day. Main symptoms are mostly the same as the flu and sometimes, depending upon the type it can occur in long cycles as well. The main symptoms include:
  • Vomiting, Fever and Headaches.
  • Tiredness and sweats that comes and goes after regular intervals.
  • Shivering even in normal temperature and Sensation of cold as well.

Symptoms of Severe Malaria include:

  • Impaired consciousness
  • Multiple convulsions
  • Fever and chills

Treatment of the Malaria

Treatment of the this disease is very important because if it is not treated on time it can get worse and very fatal for the infected person. The World Health Organization has suggested a proper therapy used for the treatment which is called as Artemisinin-based combination. The source of the Artemisinin is a plant Artemisia annua. ACT is then combined with a drug and they both work together as a treatment of the disease.

If you feel any of the symptoms of this disease, then you are strongly recommended to visit your doctor.

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