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Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

pneumonia

Overview of the Pneumonia

Pneumonia is the type of the infection that occurs as a result of viruses, fungi, bacteria or parasites. Basically, it is caused by the infection of the alveoli or when they become filled with fluid. Alveoli are the small sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen. Pneumonia can sometimes be as fatal that it can lead to severe illness or can even cause death in extreme conditions.

Although, young and healthy people become the victim of the pneumonia, but it is not a necessity, mostly older adults and babies gets infected with the infection. People with already affected with any other disease and people whose immune system do not work well also become victims very commonly than the normal people.

Some facts about the Pneumonia

  • The disease is the main cause of death in the children under 5 years of age globally.
  • Bacteria caused by the viruses (50% of total infections) are known to be causing less severe illness than bacterial the infections caused by the bacteria.
  • Proper vaccines can be used to prevent this disease and certain kind of antiviral drugs and antibiotics can be used to treat it.

Causes of the Pneumonia

As stated earlier, the main organisms that cause the infection are viruses and bacteria, when a normal human breathes in these organisms, they move into his lung and then get themselves multiply. When Immune system sends in white blood cells to attack them, the air sacs in the lungs get filled with the fluid leading the person to get infected by the pneumonia.

Apart from the viruses and bacteria, pneumonia can be caused by the fungal viruses and other reasons as well.

Who is more likely to get Pneumonia?

There are some certain people who have a higher chance to be infected with the infection than other people:

  • People who smoke
  • Use alcohol
  • Under 1 year of age or more than 65 years.
  • People who are malnourished.
  • Recently recovered from influenza or cold infection.

Symptoms of the Pneumonia

Initially the infected persons start getting cold and flu symptoms that later on turn into high fever with coughs and chills, some other symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath and fast breathing
  • Fever
  • Rusty or green mucus
  • Chest pain
  • Shaking chills
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Vomiting and Nausea
  • Headache, Diarrhea and Sweating
  • Confusion, muscle pain and purplish skin color.

Diagnosing and Treatment of Pneumonia

Diagnosing starts with a physical exam and a brief discussion about your symptoms and infection is suspected if a patient makes crackling sounds, rumblings, and coarse breathing while listening from the chest using a stethoscope.

Treatment depends upon the type of the infection and the stage of severity of the symptoms. Bacterial infections are treated by using antibiotics, rest and plenty of fluids should be taken in case of viral pneumonias and Antifungal medications are generally suggested in case you are suffering from the fungal pneumonias.

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