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Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder is a depression that is related to seasonal change. It is also called as winter depression, it starts and ends at almost the same time every year. It mostly occurs in winters as days get shorter. If you felt depressed during your winters, but felt better in spring and summer, then you have seasonal affective disorder. The main reason behind this is lack of sunlight. Some people also suffer from seasonal affective disorder in the summer also instead of fall or winters.

Symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder

The symptoms of seasonal affective order are such as sufferer would feel sad, moody. He/she would start losing interest in their daily activities and would be less social. They would start eating more and feel thirsty for carbohydrates, which are the initial source of energy such as bread and pasta.

As they would start eating more than they would gain weight. Every time they sleep, they would sleep more and still feel tired. They will not be able to properly concentrate and would be facing problems. They would start feeling irritated, having thoughts about suicide or death.

Diagnosis of Seasonal Affective Disorder

Sometimes it’s very hard to tell about seasonal affective disorder as many of its symptoms are similar to other kinds of depression.

So, before diagnosing your doctor may ask you following things:

  • You have been depressed in the same season in which you got better, when it changed in last 2 years
  • You start feeling hungry and gain weight and sleep more than your requirement.
  • Did your any close relative including parent, brother or sister ever had SAD.

Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

One of the methods is light therapy, also known as phototherapy. It can be used in different ways and many light boxes would be employed. All are designed to put extra light into the eyes. Be sure that this light box keeps harmful ultraviolet rays away.

In this method, you sit on a light box from 15 minutes to one and half hours a day. The box is placed on a table where you can read or make calls. You don’t need to look directly towards the light. These boxes can be purchased from stores for several hundred dollars.

Experts have strictly warned not to construct, own light box because it would cause damage from ultraviolet light.

Light therapy is safe and is can be tolerated. Some minor effects of this method are headache, fatigue and insomnia.

Another method is medication; you have to take dosages of anti-depressants if the symptoms are quite severe. You have to take the dose until and unless the whole of the symptoms are not gone. It will take much time to get recovered.

The last and third method is psychotherapy, it’s also known as talk therapy. It helps make your negative thoughts and behavior change which is a cause that you feel worse. You learn how to manage stress.

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