Chlamydia is the type of a sexually transmitted disease that is known to be the most commonly occurring of its kind in the United States alone. Chlamydia is caused as a result of the bacterial infection known as Chlamydia trachomatis. The symptoms and the way it transmits from body to body of the disease are same as that of gonorrhea.
An important point that should be kept in mind is that the most of the people with Chlamydia don’t even have any symptoms and may not know that they are suffering from the infection. This case can occur in both men and women.
Causes of Chlamydia
As stated earlier, the infection is caused by some sort of bacteria which is present in the urethra, cervix and rectum of the infected person. In some cases, it can also be living in the throat as well. When an infected person makes any sexual contact with the normal people, the disease is transferred to the normal body. People who are highly active sexually in the young have a higher chance of catching the infection than any other age of people. And as the baby during the birth passes through the vaginal canal, infected mother may also pass the disease to the newly born baby.
Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia
Symptoms of Chlamydia may sometimes be very difficult to detect. Some people don’t even know they are suffering from the infection. Due to this reason, the infection is known as “Silent Infection”. When the symptoms occur, they may show up after a few weeks from the suffering. Some common symptoms include:
- Abdominal Pain
- Vaginal Discharge
- Infection of the urethra
- Burning or Pain with urination.
- Feeling of need to urinate continuously
- Blood in the urine.
Diagnosis of Chlamydia
A laboratory test is needed to demonstrate that if the organism that causes the infection is present or not. Sometimes, cultural method is also used to identify the bacteria is present or not. But, this method is taking more time and thus is less used now days. Rapid tests that detect the presence of the bacteria are used now days, these rapid tests are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests or NAATS as well. The United States Department for the Disease Control and Prevention has suggested that the women in the sexually active age of 25 years should be tested every year to know that she is safe from the infection.
Treatment of Chlamydia
Using the antibiotic therapy, this kind of the infections is very easy to treat. A 7 day course of getting antibiotics is a good way of doing this. But, keep it in mind that during these 7 days, women should stay away from any kind of sexual activity so that the infection may not spread to the others. Doxycycline and Azithromycin are the most common types of the antibiotics that are used for the treatment purpose.
If somehow you get to have any symptoms of the disease, you must go to your doctor immediately so that the disease can be stopped in its early stages.