Our heart needs to circulate right amount of the blood into our body in order to keep us alive. If any set back or blockage happens in that process, then it might become a cause of the heart diseases. Heart disease or cardiovascular disease has a range of conditions which includes blood vessel diseases which is coronary artery disease. There is also a disease when someone gets a problem with heart rhythm and congenital heart defects. In this article, we discuss the most common heart disease of now a day, which is called Coronary Artery Disease.
Symptoms and Types of Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is one of the most common heart diseases in recent days in the whole world, especially in the United States. According to the CDC, this disease occurs to our heart when the cholesterol builds up in arteries and it is also called the plaque. It will narrow the space from which the blood is flowing, this condition is called atherosclerosis.
In the simplest way, we can say that anything that causes or blocks the flow of blood into the vessels is called Coronary artery disease. Eventually the narrowness of the artery builds up enough and causes the patient a pain in chest or difficulty in breathing. If in this condition, the vessel block completely then it will cause the heart attack. It is also caused by the rupture of the plaque inside the vessels. Family history can also be a cause of heart disease.
These diseases are also caused by the weak heart muscles and the disease of heart valves and heart infections.
The symptoms of this heart disease include shortage of breath or tired feeling after a little workout. This will also result in the swelling of the hands, feet or ankles. You can also feel swelling in the legs, fainting, dizziness, and light headedness.
There are five symptoms that can indicate the heart attack to the patient and it requires the immediate attention of the doctor. These symptoms are mentioned here.
- The patient feels the pain in the jaw.
- Patient can also feel the pain in the back or neck.
- Pain in the arms and the shoulders are also the symptoms.
- Chest pain, lightheadedness, or weakness.
The heart disease may differ from men to women, in women it noted that they more commonly have shortened of breath instead of pain in chest.
Prevention and Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease
There are treatments available by which one can prevent the heart attack. There is good cholesterol and bad cholesterol, good one is called HDL and the other one called as LDL. For a healthy heart, the HDL level must be above 40 and the LDL should be below 1000. There are number of drugs approved by the health organization to help keep your cholesterol under control.
There are many surgical options for the treatment of the heart diseases and it is performed on more than one million people annually.