Type 1 Diabetes: Symptoms and Treatment

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas of the patient’s body stops producing the insulin. Insulin helps our body to maintain its sugar level. It is a hormone which tells the cells of the body when to absorb glucose from the blood and to convert it into a useful energy.  This is an autoimmune disease, which means that it occurs when the islet cell in the pancreas, which is responsible for the production of insulin, is destroyed by the body’s own immune system.

Juvenile Diabetes and Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

This disease was also called as juvenile diabetes and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus as well. But in 1997, the Type 1 Diabetes was suggested and changed by American Diabetes Association and National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  This type of diabetes accounts only the 5% of all the diseases all over the world. It is commonly diagnosed in the younger patients. Adult patients normally gets the type 2 diabetes in which the pancreas does not produce the right amount of insulin that is required to maintain the sugar level into the human body.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

There are a number of symptoms if someone’s body is not producing the insulin. Some of the symptoms of the type 1 diabetes are mentioned here:

  • If someone got the type 1 diabetes, then the patient should feel more hunger due to the lack of sugar in the blood.
  • The patient can also feel fatigue.
  • Losing the weight frequently is also one of the symptoms of the type 1 diabetes. The tissues of the body will start to shrink if they are not getting the right amount of sugar from the blood.
  • The patient can also feel very thirsty at most of the time.
  • The type 1 diabetic patient also tends to urinate a lot.

If this disease is not treated well, then some of its symptoms can go to the extreme to the patient and the patient may have lost sight. It can also result in a kidney failure and there are many other complications as well.

You can detect this disease by checking the sample of the patients’ blood at the patient has fasted almost 7 to 8 hours. Level of the sugar varies from person to person but the normally common level after 8 hours fast is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter.

Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

Normally in all over the world, the diabetes disease is treated with the injection of insulin. Those shot of the insulin can be given with the patient meal, and then the routine establishes. They can also be given almost 3 to 4 times a day, according to the needs of the patient.

To the type 1 diabetic patient, the shots of the insulin must be given at the time of the meal. There is also a pen which inserts the certain amount of insulin into the patient’s body to maintain the level of sugar in the body.

Note: Above information is available for only general purpose. We advise you to talk to your family doctor before taking any action.

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